Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://bibdigital.epn.edu.ec/handle/15000/20612
Title: Diseño e implementación de un sistema de control de una silla de ruedas haciendo uso del movimiento de cabeza, para personas con cuadriplejia
Authors: Vásquez Sisa, Edison Fernando
Keywords: ELECTRÓNICA
SENSORES
DISTANCIA
Issue Date: 17-Dec-2019
Publisher: Quito, 2019.
Citation: Vásquez Sisa, E. F. (2019). Diseño e implementación de un sistema de control de una silla de ruedas haciendo uso del movimiento de cabeza, para personas con cuadriplejia. 114 hojas. Quito : EPN.
Abstract: In Ecuador there are many people with some kind of physical disability and who depend on someone else to carry out daily tasks. Several technologies have been made to help them. One of them is a wheelchair that works with voice commands. The difficulty is its precision to make certain paths. This project proposes to achieve more accurate trajectories. For this, an MPU6050 accelerometer-gyroscope that detects head movements is used. The data of this device is analyzed in an Arduino, which manipulates the wheelchair, causing it to move forward, backward, right and left. This wheelchair can be used by a person with quadriplegia inside closed places such as: offices, shopping centers and the home. And this will give these people greater independence. The wheelchair was tested, with several users, inside a closed and level floor. The results obtained were very good and recommended for use by a person with quadriplegia. In chapter I the characteristics of a data center will be studied. Then the concepts related to the sensors and elements required to assemble the prototype will be reviewed. As well as the resources necessary for the operation of APP Inventor software. The operation of a server in the cloud will be consulted as well as the management of its database. In Chapter II a prototype based on open source hardware and an application to be developed in APP Inventor will be implemented. The wireless connection between the prototype and the server located in the cloud will be planned. In chapter III the prototype will be elaborated based on open source hardware and the sensors selected in the design phase. The wireless connection will be made between the designed prototype and the server located in the cloud. In chapter IV the correct operation of the prototype will be determined by performing two types of tests: internal (operational) and general. Finally, in chapter V the conclusions and recommendations of this work will be presented.
Description: En el Ecuador existen muchas personas con algún tipo de discapacidad física y que dependen de alguien más para desarrollar tareas cotidianas. Se han realizado varias tecnologías para ayudarlas. Una de ellas es una silla de ruedas que funciona con comandos de voz. La dificultad es su precisión para realizar determinados trayectos. Este proyecto propone lograr trayectorias más exactas. Para esto se utiliza un acelerómetro-giroscopio MPU6050 que detecta los movimientos de la cabeza. Los datos de dicho dispositivo son analizados en un Arduino, el cual manipula a la silla de ruedas, haciendo que esta se mueva para adelante, atrás, derecha e izquierda. Esta silla de ruedas puede ser usada por una persona con cuadriplejia dentro de lugares cerrados como: oficinas, centros comerciales y el hogar. Y esto les dará mayor independencia a estas personas. La silla de ruedas fue probada, con varios usuarios, dentro de un lugar cerrado y de piso nivelado. Los resultados que se obtuvieron fueron muy Buenos y recomendada para que la use una persona con cuadriplejia.
URI: http://bibdigital.epn.edu.ec/handle/15000/20612
Appears in Collections:Tesis Electrónica y Telecomunicaciones (IET)

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